Medicare Enrollees in Part D, 2007 - 2016

Description: The number and proportion of Medicare beneficiaries who have elected to purchase the Medicare Part D drug benefit has increased over time. Enrollees may choose either a stand-alone prescription drug plan (PDP) or a managed care plan (i.e., Medicare Advantage [MA]), which includes wrap around medical coverage. MA coverage is not fee-for-service (FFS), which means that in general, the Medicare A and B claims are not observable for this subgroup.

Technical Notes: Counts include all Medicare beneficiaries who were enrolled in Medicare on or after January 1 of the year. Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. Fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare A/B/D coverage indicates the beneficiary had 11 or 12 months of both Part A and Part B FFS coverage (or for persons who died during the year, from January 1 until the month before death occurred), in addition to at least one month of Part D coverage.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Medicare Enrollees in Part D, by Age Group 2016

Description: The number and proportion of Medicare beneficiaries who have elected to purchase the Medicare Part D drug benefit varies by age of the beneficiary. The 65-74 year old age group comprises the largest group enrolled in Medicare Part D. Approximately 78 percent of beneficiaries younger than 65 years of age were enrolled in Part D in 2016, compared to 69% of beneficiaries in the 65-74 year age group, approximately 76.6% of beneficiaries in the 75 -84 year age group, and 74% in the oldest age grouping.

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. Age is calculated based on the age of the Medicare beneficiary as of December 31. If the beneficiary expired, the age is calculated based on age at time of death.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Proportion of Medicare Enrollees in Part D, 2016

Description: The proportion of Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in Part D varies by state. There were a total of 59.8 million beneficiaries in 2016 and 72.8% overall were enrolled in Part D. Alaska had the smallest proportion of Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in Part D (41%) and Michigan, Ohio and California tied for the largest (78%).

Technical Notes: Medicare beneficiaries who were enrolled in Medicare on or after January 1 of the year are counted. Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Medicare Part D Enrollment by Plan Type, 2007 - 2016

Description: Medicare Part D enrollees may choose either a stand-alone prescription drug plan (PDP) or a managed care drug plan which includes wrap around medical coverage (i.e., Medicare Advantage [MA-PD]). MA-PD coverage is not fee-for-service (FFS), which means that the Medicare A and B claims are not observable for this subgroup. The proportion of Part D enrollees in managed care has increased from 27.2% in 2007 to 36.9% in 2016.

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. The "Other" plan type includes employer sponsored plans, national PACE and demonstrations; in addition "Other" includes employer direct plans.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Medicare Part D Enrollment by Subsidy Type, 2007 - 2016

Description: The proportion of Medicare Part D enrollees classified as dually eligible (i.e., enrolled in both Medicare and Medicaid) has declined slightly from 34.0% in 2007 to 27.3% in 2016. This decrease in the proportion is likely due to an influx of beneficiaries without any subsidy for Part D electing to purchase the benefit, since the number of dually eligible enrollees has increased from 8.9 million in 2007 to 11.9 million in 2016.

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. Classification used the state-reported dual status variable to determine dual eligibility (DE; with a full Low-Income Subsidy [LIS]) and the cost-share group variable to determine non-dual eligible LIS status, where any month of DE or LIS resulted in such a classification.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Medicare Part D Enrollment by Age Group, 2007 - 2016

Description: The population aged 65-74 years accounts for the largest proportion of the Part D enrollees. The proportion of enrollees comprised of 65-74 year olds has increased over time – from 39% in 2007 to 45.8% of the Part D enrolled population in 2016.

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. Age is calculated based on the age of the Medicare beneficiary as of December 31. If the beneficiary expired, the age is calculated based on age at time of death.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Medicare Part D Enrollment by Sex, 2007 - 2016

Description: Females accounted for 60% of all Medicare Part D enrollees in 2007. This proportion has declined slightly over time, to 57.2% in 2016.

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Medicare Part D Enrollment by Racial Group, 2007 - 2016

Description: The racial distribution of Medicare Part D enrollees has been stable over time. The white racial group comprises the largest proportion of Part D enrollees, by racial group (73.6% of Part D enrollees in 2016). The second and third largest groups are the black and Hispanic racial groups (10.9% and 9.7% of all Part D enrollees, respectively).

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. The RTI race variable is used; American Indian, Native American, Other, and Unknown races are grouped together due to small cell sizes.

Chart Date: October 18, 20187

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Medicare - Total Part D Events (fills), 2007 - 2016

Description: For Medicare Part D, all prescription drug events (PDEs) are present in the data – regardless of whether the beneficiary is enrolled in managed care or a fee-for-service plan. The total number of PDEs has increased over time.

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. For Medicare Part D, all PDEs are present – regardless of whether the beneficiary is enrolled in managed care or a fee-for-service plan. PDEs are available for all filled prescriptions that are covered as part of the Part D benefit. Fills may consist of different quantities of the drug; no adjustment was made to account for fills which provided more than a 30-day supply. The "Other" plan type includes employer sponsored plans, national PACE and demonstrations.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Average Fills per Person per Month by Part D Plan Type, 2007 - 2016

Description: Medicare Part D enrollees may choose either a stand-alone prescription drug plan (PDP) or a managed care drug plan which includes wrap around medical coverage (i.e., Medicare Advantage [MA-PD]). The average number of prescription drug events (PDEs) per month for MA-PD plan enrollees was 2.7 fills per person in 2007 and has been fairly stable over time (2.6-2.8 fills per person per month through 2016). For PDP plans, the average fills per person per month has decreased from 3.6 in 2007 to 3.2 in 2016. The average number of PDEs per month is much lower for those enrolled in MA-PD plans than for those enrolled in PDP plans.

Technical Notes: Monthly Part D enrollment counts were used to calculate average number of PDEs per month. For Medicare Part D, all PDEs are present – regardless of whether the beneficiary is enrolled in managed care or a fee-for-service plan. PDEs are available for all filled prescriptions that are covered as part of the Part D benefit. Fills may consist of different quantities of the drug; no adjustment was made to account for fills which provided more than a 30-day supply. The "Other" plan type includes employer sponsored plans, national PACE and demonstrations.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Average Monthly Fills by Medicare Status or Sex, 2016

Description: The average number of prescription drug events (PDEs) per month is shown for two variables on this graph - by reason for enrollment in Medicare, as well as the sex of the beneficiary. The average number of drugs is much higher for those enrolled due to a disability rather than due to aging into the Medicare benefit. Average fills are higher for females than males.

Technical Notes: Monthly Part D enrollment counts were used to calculate average number of PDEs per month. For Medicare Part D, all PDEs are present – regardless of whether the beneficiary is enrolled in managed care or a fee-for-service plan. PDEs are available for all filled prescriptions that are covered as part of the Part D benefit. Fills may consist of different quantities of the drug; no adjustment was made to account for fills which provided more than a 30-day supply. The reason for enrollment in Medicare classification used the Medicare status code, and combined ESRD and Disabled categories into the "Disabled" grouping.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Average Monthly Fills by Age Group, 2016

Description: The average number of prescription drug events (PDEs) per month is shown by age group. The highest average number is for the youngest group, which likely reflects Medicare enrollment due to disability rather than age.

Technical Notes: Monthly Part D enrollment counts were used to calculate average number of PDEs per month. For Medicare Part D, all PDEs are present – regardless of whether the beneficiary is enrolled in managed care or a fee-for-service plan. PDEs are available for all filled prescriptions that are covered as part of the Part D benefit. Fills may consist of different quantities of the drug; no adjustment was made to account for fills which provided more than a 30-day supply. Age is calculated based on the age of the Medicare beneficiary as of December 31. If the beneficiary expired, the age is calculated based on age at time of death.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Average Monthly Fills by Part D Subsidy, 2016

Description: The average number of prescription drug events (PDEs) per month is shown by Part D subsidy status. Those classified as dually eligible (i.e., enrolled in both Medicare and Medicaid) have a much higher number of average monthly fills than those who have no subsidy. This is likely due to the Medicaid coverage requirements – including disability and medical need.

Technical Notes: Monthly Part D enrollment counts were used to calculate average number of PDEs per month. For Medicare Part D, all PDEs are present – regardless of whether the beneficiary is enrolled in managed care or a fee-for-service plan. PDEs are available for all filled prescriptions that are covered as part of the Part D benefit (note that some drugs may have covered by Medicaid and not Medicare; these drugs are not included in these calculations). Fills may consist of different quantities of the drug; no adjustment was made to account for fills which provided more than a 30-day supply. Classification used the state-reported dual status variable to determine dual eligibility (DE; this includes a Low-income subsidy [LIS]) and the cost-share group variable to determine LIS status, where any month of DE or LIS resulted in such a classification.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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Average Number of Prescription Fills per Month, 2016

Description: The average number of monthly prescription drug fills varies by state. Part D enrolled beneficiaries in Hawaii had the lowest average number of monthly fills (2.0) and Kentucky had the highest (4.0).

Technical Notes: Medicare Part D coverage includes anyone with one month or more of Part D during the year. All Medicare covered drugs were included in the count of drug fills. Fills may consist of different quantities of the drug; no adjustment was made to account for fills which provided more than a 30-day supply.

Chart Date: October 18, 2018

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